First Man in Orbit
Launch Date: 12 April 1961
The Russian cosmonaut completed an orbit of earth during his 108-minute spaceflight aboard Vostok I. Being the first human in space, he later explained the experience of weightlessness:”You feel as if you were haning in a horizontal position in straps. You feel as you are suspended.” It was to be his only mission into space and he died in a plane crash in 1968 during a routine flight.
16 June 1963
The Russian orbited the earth 48 times during her near-three-day spell aboard Vostok 6.
18 March 1965
Another Russian cosmonaut, Leonov undertook a 12-min period of ‘extra-vehicular activity’ during the Voskhod 2 mission.
24 April 1967
The Russian was killed when the Soyuz 1 spacecraft he was piloting crashed on its re-entry to Earth.
21 July 1969
Apollo 11 mission commander Armstrong climbed down from the lunar lander Eagle and onto the moon’s surface.
First space tourist
28 April 2001
The american multimillionaire spent nearly eight days in space, reaching the International Space Station EP-1 aboard the Russian craft Soyuz TM-32.
First primate in space
14 June 1949
A rhesus monkey called Albert II reached an altitude of about 134km in a US-launched V2 rocket. Albert II died on impact after a parachute failure.
3 November 1957
The Russian mongrel dog Laika survived four orbits aboard Sputnik 2 before dying, possibly as a result of overheating.
First manually controlled spaceflight
5 May 1961
The American reached an altitude of 187km aboard Freedom 7 during which he had some control of his craft ( Gagarin’s flight was strictly automatic ).
day in orbit
6 August Titov
As Well as spening a whole day aboard Vostok 2, Russian Titov orbited the earth 17 times and was the first to sleep in space.